BY: Richard D. Fox | IN: Birth Injury
The birth of a child is a joyous event. But sometimes things can — and do — go wrong during labor and delivery. One complication is “shoulder dystocia,” which occurs when the baby’s head is delivered, but the shoulders get stuck inside the mother’s pelvis.
Shoulder dystocia (dystocia means slow or difficult birth) is unpredictable and unpreventable because it occurs after labor has already begun. When it does happen, however, it is a medical emergency.
If a doctor does not respond to shoulder dystocia immediately during labor and delivery, both mother and baby can suffer serious injuries. In the worst case scenario, a newborn may even die. In cases where appropriate and swift action is not taken, it can be the basis for a medical malpractice claim.
Shoulder dystocia can happen during any woman’s labor and delivery. However, a pregnant woman may be at a higher risk when:
In most cases of shoulder dystocia, the baby is delivered safely and the mother is fine. The doctor may use one of the following procedures to deliver the child:
When shoulder dystocia occurs, the mother and baby usually do not experience any permanent damage. Most complications are appropriately treated and managed.
Sometimes, however, the mother may suffer temporary heavy bleeding after birth, and can also experience tearing of the uterus, vagina, cervix, or rectum.
Meanwhile, the baby can also suffer complications, such as contusions and fractures. Other more serious injuries include:
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, approximately one or two in every 1,000 babies will have brachial nerve damage. It is usually caused when the newborn’s neck is stretched to the side during a difficult delivery.
Doctors and hospitals have been held liable for malpractice in cases of brachial plexus injuries. One of the largest verdicts was in 2010, when a jury awarded $56 million against a New York hospital for a family whose child suffered permanent nerve damages.
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Richard Fox handles personal injury cases, including birth trauma, medical malpractice, and motor vehicle negligence. Throughout his career, which has spanned over 45 years, Rick has successfully represented clients in medical negligence and other personal injury claims.